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Ancient Egyptian Agriculture

Agriculture is a vital aspect in any community, and in the ancient Egyptian community, it was the main source of life and economy.  The ancient Egyptian community knew the agriculture in predynastic times enabled them to transform an expanse of semiarid land into rich fields. The ancient Egyptians are credited as being one of the pioneers to practice agriculture on a large scale.

The ancient Egyptian kings keened to development the agriculture, whereas they built dams and dug canals.

The seasons of agriculture in ancient Egypt:

The ancient Egyptians divided their year according to the seasons of agriculture:

1 – Flood Season: The ancient Egyptian called this season Akht. The annual flood of the Nile River was one of the main aspects that helped in the success of the ancient Egyptians in agriculture. It leads to creating fertile soil, allowing for the planting of crops. They worshiped it as a god, called it with (Hapi), and gave it the offerings.

2 – Sowing Season: The ancient Egyptians called this season Beret. After the receding of the flood, the ancient Egyptian farmers were starting to sow the seeds in fertile soil left by the flood.

3 – Harvest Season: The ancient Egyptian called this season Shomu. After the growing of the crops, the ancient Egyptian farmers were starting to collect them in huge celebrations.

The main crops in ancient Egyptian civilization:

The ancient Egyptians were used to grow Wheat, barley, flax, and papyrus.

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