This museum is the most famous landmark in Egypt, holding great and unique ancient Egyptian collections.
Let’s go back a little bit before building the Egyptian Museum
Due to the discoveries of Napoleon Bonaparte’s expedition, Egypt built the Cairo Museum to conserve the objects. This museum was an initial house at Ezbakiyya. Unfortunately, in 1855, Abbas Pasha gave the museum contents to the Duke of Austria and ordered to close Cairo Museum in Ezbakiyya.
In 1858, Auguste Mariette proposed to establish a new museum in Boulaq to house the ancient Egyptian monuments. But misfortune for the second time, this museum was washed away by the annual flooding of the Nile River.
In 1881, Maspero was able to reopen the Boulaq Museum and be its director. In 1891, the contents of the Boulaq Museum were transferred to the palace of Khedive Ismail.
On November 15, 1902, the current museum in Tahrir Square is opened by Khedive Abbas Helmy II result of Maspero’s suggestion to exhibit the contents which were in the palace of Khedive Ismail.
Let’s go on a tour in the Egyptian Museum
The design of Museum building was selected in an international competition launched in 1895. The uniqueness in this design is that it is mixing between ancient Egyptian and Greco-Roman styles.
The museum houses approx. unparalleled 160,000 objects dating from the prehistoric period to the Greco-Roman period displayed on two floors in 107 halls.
These unique collections are such as the statuette of King Cheops, Narmer Palette, Thuya and Yuya treasures, jewelry of Tanis, etc.
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