The Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqafa are considered the first catacombs in the whole world. It is a complex of impressively decorated tombs dating back to the Roman period. It is located in the district of Karmouz to the east of Alexandria.
The Kom el Shoqafa is its Arabic name, meaning in the English language the mound or hill of potsherds, referring to the broken dishes and plates that was found in this place. Also, the word Catacomb means a rock-cut tomb around a well.
This place is considered an open museum, as, besides tombs, there are several Roman monuments as the fountain and the bathtub.
The Catacombs of Alexandria This Catacomb was discovered by chance in 1900 when a donkey fell in the well. It is one of the most important examples referring to the fusion between ancient Egyptian art and Greco-Roman art.
The Catacomb originally belonged to a wealthy Roman family who started to use it for burial in the middle of the 2nd century AD. Later, the catacomb was expanded to be a public cemetery.
It consists of 3 floors housing rock-cut tombs in the 1st and 2nd levels, but the 3rd is completely underwater. These two levels can be accessed by a central spiral staircase to a depth of 35 meters around a well.
When you descend the catacomb, you can see a circular hall with a vaulted ceiling called the rotunda. This hall contained 5 busts (now these busts are displayed in the Greco-Roman Museum in Alexandria).
After that, you will move to the Triclinium hall, where the visitors of the tomb were taking some rest after descending the stairs of the tomb. This hall supports by 4 pillars and contains 3 benches, taking the shape of the letter U. It is thought that this hall was used by the visitors of the tomb for eating food.
Then there is another hall containing bones for horses. It is called Holy Horses Hall, as it is believed that these horses were used in horse racing.
Finally, there is the main shrine of this catacomb. There are 2 statues, their features combining between the ancient Egyptian and Greco-Roman arts. It is thought that these statues belonging to the original owners of the catacomb.
The Tomb of Tigrane The Tomb of Tigrane is situated a few meters away from the main catacombs. It dates back to the 1st century A.D. and was discovered in 1952. It is famous for its wall paintings executed in the Hellenistic style.
Abu Al Abbas Al Mursi, or Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque as the people of Alexandria use to call it, is one of the most famous mosques and Islamic monuments in Alexandria. The mosque is located in the Anfushi neighborhood of Alexandria, close to the Citadel of Qaitbay. Abu Al Abbas Al Mursi Abu […]Know More
Bab Al Nasr is one of the most famous sightseeing in Islamic Cairo. It is one of the rare examples of military architecture in the Islamic world before the Crusades. Bab Al Nasr is an Arabic name for this gate, meaning Gate of Victory in the English language. The historyBab Al Nasr was constructed by […]Know More
It is one of the most famous sightseeing in Islamic Cairo and El Moez Street. It is one of the rare examples of military architecture in the Islamic world. Bab Al Futuh is an Arabic name for this gate, meaning Gate of Conquests in the English language. The History It was constructed by Jawhar al‑Siqilli […]Know More
Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque is one of the landmarks in Islamic Cairo. It is located on Jebal Yashkur in Al-Saliba Street or Cross Street. It is beside Gayer Anderson Museum or Bayt Al-Kritliyya. Ahmad Ibn Tulun Ahmad Ibn Tulun was an Abbasid governor who began the Tulunid dynasty and founded a new administrative capital that […]Know More
The Bent Pyramid of Dahshur was the second of three pyramids constructed by King Snefru, the red Pyramid and Meidum pyramid. It is considered an important step in the development of the construction of pyramids in ancient Egypt. King Snefru King Snefru is the founder of the 4th dynasty, the old kingdom. Also, he is […]Know More
The Red Pyramid of Dahshur was the third one constructed by King Snefru, after the Bent Pyramid and Meidum pyramid. It is the highest pyramid in Dahshur. King Snefru King Snefru is the founder of the 4th dynasty, the old kingdom. Also, he is the father of King Khufu, who owns the Great Pyramid of […]Know More
Bab Zuweila is one of the most famous sightseeing in Islamic Cairo and El Moez Street. This gate is associated with great historical events. The history of Bab Zuweila It was constructed by Jawhar al Siqilli during his foundation of Cairo city in 358 AH/969 AD and renovated by the vizier Badr al‑Jamali in 480 […]Know More
The Mosque of Amr Ibn Al As is the first mosque established in Egypt and Africa. It is located close to the old Cairo in Fustat city. Amr Ibn Al As: Amr Ibn Al As was one of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). He was commanded by Caliph Umar Ibn […]Know More
Al Rifa’i Mosque is located on Salah Al‑Din Square, overlooking Salah El-Din Citadel. It is one of the royal mausoleums that do not back to ancient Egyptian civilization, but it belongs to members of the royal family of Muhammad Ali Pasha. The history of Al Rifa’i Mosque Ottoman queen Hoshiyar Hanim, the mother of Khedive […]Know More
The Ramesseum is located on the west bank of the Nile River in Luxor city. Although the rest of the temple is considered remains, it is one of the most important destinations for lovers of King Ramesses II. This temple is dedicated to King Ramesses II as his funerary temple and the god Amun-Ra. The […]Know More
The Madinat Habu is the place where king Ramesses III decided to build his funerary temple. It is located on the western bank of the Nile River in Luxor city. We know from inscriptions at sandstone quarries in Jabal Al-Silsila (north of Kom Ombo) that King Ramesses III ordered 300 workers to cut stones for […]Know More
The Great Sphinx of Giza Plateau is one of the landmarks of Giza Plateau. It belongs to king Chephren or Khafre, the founder of the second pyramid at Giza Plateau. The Great Sphinx was carved directly out of the bedrock and was made of one single piece of limestone in Giza Plateau. It dates back […]Know More
Esna city was one of the most prestigious cities in ancient Egyptian history and the Greco-Roman period. Esna city houses many historical destinations, but the most important temple there is Esna Temple. Who is the god Khnum? The god Khnum is one the most major gods in ancient Egyptian myths, as it is believed that […]Know More
Faiyum Governorate is considered one of the most significant and diverse tourist destinations in Egypt. It distinguishes with its natural beauty, historical, and cultural importance at the same time. Faiyum contains most of the tourism types, as it houses historical attractions dating back to the pre-dynastic period, ancient Egyptian civilization, Ptolemaic, and Roman times. Besides, […]Know More
The Valley of the Queens is located on the western bank of Luxor city. This valley was dedicated for burying the wives of kings, who were buried in the Valley of the Kings. This valley was discovered by Schiaparelli in 1904. It houses almost 81 tombs for queens, princes, princesses, and several members of the […]Know More
The temple of Kom Ombo is one of the most beautiful Egyptian temples dating back to the Greco-Roman period. It is located on the east bank as it is perched atop a picturesque bluff alongside the Nile River. The meaning of word “Kom Ombo” Kom Ombo word is divided into two parts. The first part […]Know More
The Temple of Horus at Edfu is considered one of the most beautiful and preserved temples in Egypt dating back to the Greco-Roman period, as its construction started with Ptolemy IV reign. Edfu city was named with Apollopolis Magna, as the Greeks linked between the ancient Egyptian god, Horus, and their Greek god, Apollo. This […]Know More
The Citadel of Qaitbay is considered as one of the most important defensive fortresses along the Mediterranean Sea coast. It is located on the eastern side of Pharos Island in Alexandria. The history of Citadel of Qaitbay This citadel was constructed by Circassian Sultan Al-Ashraf Abou Anasr Saif El-Din Qaitbay El-Jerkasy Al-Zahiry in 1477 to […]Know More
The Haramlek of Montazah Palace, the last royal palace was built during the Muhammed Ali family, is one of the most famous sightseeing in Alexandria. It is located on at the eastern edge of Alexandria on the Mediterranean Sea coast. The history of the Montazah Palace The royal family of Muhammad Ali Pasha chose Alexandria […]Know More
Throughout ancient history, Alexandria was known as a center for learning and melting different cultures because it houses the library of Alexandria or Bibliotheca Alexandrina the most famous destination for students in the ancient world. It is important to be referred that there are two libraries of Alexandria libraries (the ancient library of Alexandria – […]Know More
Pompey Pillar is one of the most famous attractions in Alexandria. It is considered the longest column in Egypt, as it is about 27 meters long. It was constructed in 292 AD by the trustee of Alexandria, Postumus. This pillar or column is divided into 3 parts. The first part is its base that has […]Know More
Throughout history, Aswan was famous for its granite quarry that was used by the ancient Egyptians for constructing several buildings during the ancient Egyptian civilization, like the valley temple of king Chephren and two obelisks of Queen Hatshepsut in Karnak Complex. This quarry of granite houses a unique monument that is the unfinished obelisk of […]Know More
The construction of the Aswan high dam was a great dream for President Gamal Abdel Nasser to ensure developing Egypt for all Egyptians. The high dam is fed by the River Nile from south. The History of Aswan High Dam There are two dams in Aswan, Aswan Low Dam and Aswan High Dam. Aswan Low […]Know More
Philae Temple of Isis is the most prominent monument of Philae Island. Philae Island was a rocky island in the middle of the River Nile, located in Aswan. Philae Island had a great prominence as the center for worshipping the goddess Isis, the mother of the god Horus. This island contains other monuments as the […]Know More
Hatshepsut, the most famous queen became a Pharaoh, and founded this temple on the west back in Luxor city, directly across the Nile River from Karnak Temple. This temple is called Djeser-djeseru, meaning the Holy of Holies. Senenmut inspired the design of this temple from the structure of the temple of temple Mentuhotep II (Neb-Hept-Re) […]Know More
The Valley of the Kings is the cemetery of the most famous kings in ancient Egyptian history of the new kingdom. It is located on the west bank of the Nile River in Thebes, or Luxor city now. It is considered as one of the most important archaeological sites and historical destinations in the world, […]Know More
Karnak temple is located on the east bank of the Nile River in Thebes, or Luxor city now. It is considered as a complex, not just a temple, because its walls include several temples as the Khonsu temple, the Opet temple, and the great temple of Amun Ra. This complex is considered one of the […]Know More
Colossi of Memnon are two massive statues on the west bank of the Nile River in Luxor city. They stood at the entrance of the mortuary temple of king Amenhotep III of the 18th dynasty, New kingdom. These statues are the only residual part of this temple. These two twin statues depict King Amenhotep III, […]Know More
Luxor temple is one of the most beautiful remained monuments on the east bank of the Nile River in Thebes, or Luxor city now. The history of construction of Luxor temple King Amenhotep III of the 18th dynasty started to build this temple, but the main building of the temple was completed by King Tutankhamun […]Know More
The Southern Tomb Location and dimensionsIn the southern end of the Great Court is a long building with a low, vaulted roof known as the South Tomb. The elements of the substructure are very similar to those of the pyramid (although on a reduced scale) but differ somewhat in their arrangement. The burial chamber was […]Know More
The Nilometer is founded by the Caliph Al-Mutawakkil in 861 AD. It is considered the second Islamic sightseeing built in Egypt after Amr Ibn Al-Ass Mosque. The Nilometer was used to measure the level of the water of the Nile River to set the taxes. The water measurement occurred by a marble octagonal column 19 […]Know More
The Cave church, Saint Simon Church, or the Tanner Monastery lies in the Mokattam Mountain, near Garbage city or in Arabic language El Zabbaleen city. This monastery is carved into the Mokattam Mountain in 1975. It houses many Coptic churches. Saint Simon Church is one of the hidden treasures in Egypt and the Middle East. […]Know More
Monastery Palace is an artistic and architectural masterpiece overlooking the Nile River directly. Also, it is known as the Kiosk. It was built by Hassan Fouad Pasha Al. Monastery, the Cairo Governor and Minister of the Interior in Abbas Pasha Period in 1851. The palace is famous for its beautiful decorative style, and wooden architecture […]Know More
The Cavern Church has several names as Abu Serga Church, the St. Sergius Church, or Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church. It lies in Coptic Cairo beside the Hanging church. The church is dedicated to Sergius and Bacchus, who were soldier-saints martyred during the 4th century in Syria by the Roman Emperor Maximian. The Importance of […]Know More
The Hanging Church is considered the oldest and most famous church in Egypt. It lies in Coptic Cairo beside the Babylon fortress. The history of this church: This building was originally a Roman temple, but in the fourth century AD, after Christianity entered Egypt, it was transferred to be a church. The Hanging Church became […]Know More
Ben Ezra Synagogue in Coptic Cairo is one of the most important and famous synagogues in Egypt. It is considered the oldest synagogue in Egypt. It dates back to the 9th century AD. This synagogue had an old copy of the Old Testament, and it is believed that it was written by the prophet Ezra […]Know More
Cairo Tower lies on Gezira Island in the River Nile. It is considered one of the most famous modern monuments in Cairo, Egypt. It was founded in 1961 during the Gamal Abdel Nasser period and was designed by the Egyptian architect Naoum Shebib. This design is inspired by the lotus plant, one of the most […]Know More
El Moez Street or El Moez li-Din Allah al-Fatimi Street is one of the oldest streets in Cairo city. It was founded within the construction of Cairo city during the Fatimid period under the caliph Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah. El Moez St. runs from the north, where the gate of Bab al-Futuh to the south, where […]Know More
Khan El khalili Bazaar is the most famous souq, It was built in the Mamluk period as a center of trade. Also, it includes workshops for the Egyptian artisans, who create and produce traditional crafts and souvenirs. Let’s know about the history of this bazaar When the Fatimids founded Cairo city, they divided it into […]Know More
Salah El-Din Citadel or Cairo Citadel is built by Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi, the founder of the Ayyubid Dynasty in 1176 to be a fortress and seat of rule for nearly 700 years. It stopped being the seat of the rule when Khedive Ismail transferred it to Abdeen Palace in 1874. Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi decided to […]Know More
Baron Empain Palace is the most famous landmark of Heliopolis, the city of the sun. This palace suffered from neglect for many years until the Ministry of Antiquities bought, received it from its owners, and began to restore it in 2007. The restoration work finished, and the palace is opened on Jun 29, 2020. But […]Know More
Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue is one of the most important Jewish sightseeing in Alexandria and Egypt. Finally, it reopens its doors for the public on Jan 10th, 2020after many years of restoration. The history of Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue It was established in 1881, after the Patriarch of Alexandria, gifted a plot of land that belonged to […]Know More
Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt and the largest city on the Mediterranean Sea. It is called with the Bride of the Mediterranean Sea. The history of Alexandria This city was established by Alexander the Great in c. 331 BC. It was the center of Hellenistic civilization. He named this city Alexandria to […]Know More
Finally, you can discover the step pyramid from inside. After 14 years of restoration, the step pyramid opens its doors to the public for exploring it from the inside. Firstly, we need to take about the King Djoser Complex This complex belongs to King Djoser from the third dynasty, the old kingdom. The vizier, Imhotep, […]Know More
Dendera Temple Complex or Hathor Temple, the magnificent temple, is the best-preserved temple in Egypt. It lies on the west bank of the Nile River in Qena city, north of Luxor. The history of Dendera Temple Dendera city houses a necropolis containing mastabas dating back to the Early Dynastic Period. The remains of Dendera Temple […]Know More
Abydos Temple lies in Sohag Governorate, north of Luxor. It is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt. The history of Abydos City Abydos was one of the oldest cities of the ancient Egyptian civilization. It had a great position, as the ancient Egyptians thought that the god Osiris (the god of […]Know More
Have you ever visited a royal palace? Do you want to do that and see designs from various cultures and countries? Manial Palace Museum in Al Rawda Island allows you to do this easily. The history of Manial Palace Museum It belongs to Prince Mohamed Ali Tawfiq, a member of Muhammad Ali Pasha’s family. He […]Know More