Bab Al Nasr is one of the most famous sightseeing in Islamic Cairo. It is one of the rare examples of military architecture in the Islamic world before the Crusades.
Bab Al Nasr is an Arabic name for this gate, meaning Gate of Victory in the English language.
The historyBab Al Nasr was constructed by Jawhar al‑Siqilli during his foundation of Fatimid Cairo city. It was constructed by brick. But the current gate was built by the vizier, Badr al‑Jamali, in 480 AH/1087 AD during the reign of the Fatimid Caliph al‑Mustansir Billah, and named it Bab al‑‘Izz, meaning the gate of glory or power. He founded this new gate from stone to be more protective.
Later, Napoleon Bonaparte, during his campaign in Egypt, named this gate with the name of its officer, who was responsible for its security as Thomas-Prosper Jullien.
Despite this, the inhabitants use the original name, which is the gate of victory that has remained in use to this day.
The design It consists of two great square stone towers linked by a shelf. This shelf has small windows allowing soldiers to pour boiling oil on invaders, as well defensive rooms with arrow slits.
The gate holds an inscription written in Kufic calligraphy dating the year of construction of this gate and its official name.
The gate and towers distinguish with their decorations, as they hold a series of shields. It is thought that it refers to the protective role of the Fatimid fortifications representing the protector of the city, as well the victory as it is said that Bab Al Nasr or Gate of Victory was called with this name because it was used for entering the soldiers when comeback victorious from their wars.
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